An anal fissure is a small crack or tear in the thin, moist lining of the lower rectum. It is a common condition. Sometimes people confuse anal fissures with hemorrhoids. The most common symptom of an anal fissure is a shooting pain in the anus and surrounding area.
Ask the doctor: What can I do about an anal fissure? - Harvard Health
The intestinal tract or bowel ends with the rectum. It ends with the anus — the opening to the outside of the body. There are several common problems, including hemorrhoids, that can occur in the area from the rectum to the anus. While almost everyone has heard of hemorrhoids, the other conditions are not so well known. Most people have experienced a tear or fissure at the corner of the mouth that can occur in cold weather or when yawning. Similarly, an anal fissure is a small tear in the lining of the anus, frequently caused by constipation. A hard, dry bowel movement results in a break in the tissue.
How to Take a Sitz Bath
I had pain and some bleeding during bowel movements. My doctor says it's an anal fissure. What is that, and what's the best way to treat it? An anal fissure is a tear in the tissue that lines the anal canal, usually resulting from trauma, such as the passage of hard stool. It causes sharp, tearing pain while passing a bowel movement, often accompanied by a small amount of blood on the toilet tissue or surface of the stool.
AIM: To determine the efficacy and safety of sitz baths in the management of acute anal fissures. METHOD: Individual patients were randomized to either receive sitz baths or no sitz baths for 4 weeks in addition to oral psyllium husk. Patients were asked to soak their hips and buttocks in a tub containing plain lukewarm water for 10 min, once after defecation in the morning and again at bedtime.