The association between meeting the PA guidelines and demographic, medical, fitness, lifestyle, and psychological variables were analyzed using complex samples crosstabs and a general linear model. Among demographic factors, sex, age, marital status, income, education level, occupation, and employment status were associated with meeting the PA guidelines. Chronic disease prevalence, weight, waist circumference, body mass index, diastolic blood pressure, glucose, high-density lipoprotein and triglyceride levels, hand-grip strength, resting heart rate, and family history of chronic disease in the medical and fitness variables; frequency of drinking and eating breakfast, total calorie, water, protein, and fat intake in the lifestyle variables; and perceived stress, depression, suicidal thoughts, and quality of life in the psychological variables were associated with meeting PA guidelines. Moreover, individuals who are socially underprivileged, have low-income or poor physical and mental health conditions participated in relatively less PA.
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Blood Lead Concentrations and Mortality in Korean Adults: Re : Environmental Epidemiology
Background: The metabolic syndrome is associated with a high risk of cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality. Light and moderate alcohol consumption have been associated with reduced cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality. Objective: This study was performed to examine the association between alcohol consumption and the metabolic syndrome. Design: The study sample comprised Korean adults men, women who had participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Results: The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was The adjusted odds ratio for the metabolic syndrome in the group consuming 1— Alcohol consumption had a significant inverse relation with the odds ratio for low HDL cholesterol in all alcohol groups.
A cephalometric study of Korean adults.
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